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What are the Related Terms in Gymnastics?

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Flic-Flac Also known as a flip-flop or back handspring. Take off on one or two feet, jump backwards onto hands and land on feet. This element is used in a majority of tumbling passes on the floor exercise. It's also used a great deal on the balance beam. Full-in, Back-out A double salto with a full twist the complete twist performed during the first salto.

Gaylord On high bar, a front giant into a one-and-one-half front salto over the bar to regrasp. First done by U. Giant A swing in which the body is fully extended and moving through a degree rotation around the bar. Half-in, Half-out A double salto with a half twist on the first salto and a half twist on the second salto. Handspring Springing off the hands by putting the weight on the arms and using a strong push from the shoulders; can be done either forward or backward; usually a linking movement.

Kip Movement from a position below the equipment to a position above, usually on the uneven bars, parallel bars or high bar.

Layout position A stretched body position. Olympic order The international competition order that is decided by the FIG. Olympic order for women is vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise. Men compete in the following order: Olympic order for rhythmic gymnasts is rope, hoop, ball, clubs and ribbon. Pike Position Body bent forward more than 90 degrees at the hips while the legs are kept straight.

Pirouettes Changing direction or moving in a circular motion by twisting in the handstand position. Release Leaving the bar to perform a move before re-grasping it. Round-off A dynamic turning movement, with a push-off on one leg, while swinging the legs upward in a fast cartwheel motion into a 90 degree turn.

The lead-off to a number of skills. Routine A combination of stunts displaying a full range of skills on one apparatus. Salto Flip or somersault, with the feet coming up over the head and the body rotating around the axis of the waist. Scissors A combination requirement in a competitive routine on the pommel horse, which combines cuts and undercuts.

It begins in a stride support and ends in an opposite stride support. Sequence Two or more positions or skills which are performed together creating a different skill or activity. Tuck A position in which the knees and hips are bent and drawn into the chest; the body is folded at the waist. Twist Not to be confused with a salto, a twist occurs when the gymnast rotates around the body's longitudinal axis, defined by the spine.

Virtuosity The artistry, or the degree of rhythm and harmony, displayed while a movement is executed. In general, the more flowing and seamless a series of skills appears to be, the greater the virtuosity and the higher the score.

Yurchenko Vault Round-off entry onto the board, flic-flac onto the vaulting table and salto off of the vaulting table. The gymnast may twist on the way off. What are the equipments used in gymnastics? Beam, , springboard, bench, crash mats, uneven bars, rings, horse, pommel horse and parallel bars. Hope this helped x. What is used in gymnastics? In artistic gymnastics you use a beam, bar, beam and floor and sometimes trampoline and vault..

In Rhythmic gymnastics you use rope, ball, clubs, ribbon, hoop, and free no equipment all on a floor.. Spring board for the vault.

Springs to go in the Spring Board. Braces knee, ankle, etc. What musles do you use for gymnastics? You need all your muscles for gymnastics.

Male Gymnasts need more upper body strength than leg stength, while female gymnasts need a combination of the two. Terms used in gymnastics? There are many, many, MANY terms used in gymnastics. I have been doing gymnastics for about 8 years and my coaches say so many different things, that it is difficult to keep up with each word and its meaning. Nobody knows how many skills exist in gymnastics because people today will put two skills together and they will have a brand new skill with a brand new name, then, they will put THAT new skill with another skill, and guess what?

You have another new skill. The list of gymnastics skills are endless. But anyhow, by "terms" you could have meant terms coaches use to improve skills. You might hear "stay tight" or "stick it" or "heel drive" a lot of times. Stay tight means to flex every muscle in your body to make your trick or flip look pretty.

Stick it means to end your skill, even if you fell down. If you stick it, even with a fall, the judges will increase your score. It makes you look happy and confident and that's what judges want. There are a lot of skills, terms, and just stuff in gymnastics. The best way to learn all of these things, is try gymnastics. It's an extreme but fun sport and it keeps you fit and motivated. I love gymnastics because of the challenge, and for all the terms!

What is a straight used in gymnastics? The equipment used in gymnastics is there is a vaulting table always about centimeters off the ground. On bars the men use one parallel metal bar. The women use two uneven bars made of wood. Also for bars women and men use grips that they put chalk on to say put on the bars. For floor you use a spring floor to make the tumbling easier.

For beam women use a long "beam" that is 4 in. Men do not do beam. What are some terms used in Christianity? Bishop, Priest, Saint, Resurrection, Last Day A knowledge of keywords and terms used in Scripture and an appreciation of their meaning is essential to the understanding and practice of Christianity. If you use "Search" above using either "question" or "answers" you will find questions or answers dealing with most of these terms.

What are some terms used in lacrosse? What are the different terms in gymnastics and define each term? There are way too many gymnastics terms to simply be able to list them here for you. I suggest Googling a gymnastics dictionary. What equipment do they use for gymnastics? What is arnis that is used in gymnastics? Arnis is a type of martial arts that was once practiced as a typeof self-defense.

Arnis is used in gymnastics as a way to strengthenthe body and promote hand-eye coordination. In gymnastics what is the floor exercise used for? Women do their floor routines to music, men do not. What are the apparatuses used in gymnastics? There are 4 main apparatuses used in gymnastics. Uneven Bars , Beam , Floor and Vault.. Rings , Floor , Table Top and Bar.. What science is used in gymnastics? It determines your every move while on bars, beam, vault, or floor. It sends your body forward instead of backward out of a front-handspring.

How is science useful in gymnastics? Science is useful in gymnastics because it contributes to every trick that you may do. For example, the force of gravity affected your balance and performance on every element and equipment in the whole gym centre, AKA; the beam- your sense of balance, the bars and rings- gravity pulls you down, and on the trampoline and floor, you are able to fly through the air but not for very long!!!

Science is useful in gymnastics because of gravity, surface tension, heat energy, static electricity and friction. What do gymnasts use to swing on? What egipment is used in gymnastics? A Leotard or sometimes called 'body' , arm band wrists, ballet shoes if you need ones , and equipment is also Chalk which helps you to save yourself from sliding Gymnastics is an activity involving performance excercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, balance, and grace.

What equipment use to be used in gymnastics? Gymnastics has many types of equitment. It has the same ones for a LONG time. What are some terms used in rugby? Term use in gymnastic? There are a huge variety of gymnastics terms.

These includecompulsory, block, heel drive, hurdle, grip, and swing. Other termsinclude over grip, peel, and supination. What are uneven bars in gymnastics used for? The uneven bars are used for doing a complex routine Olympics or for levels, they are simply for moves that you get scored on from a 0. It is one of the 4 events that GIRL gymnasts compete on.

What are the things used in gymnastics? There's a lot of different equipment used in gymnastics, like the four main Women events for example: The men also have other events that women do not use because of natural strengths.

Mats and Weights are also used, along with single bars, foam pits, etc. Instrument used in gymnastics? How popular is gymnastics in the US? How am i supposed to know you should of studied this already. Noweither you dont pay attention in class or your just dumb. Now, Goto the top of your screen click x and never come back to me again.

I told you to get off you dint need to knowabout my love life. Plus wiki isnt a reliable source. Consideringpeople can do what i just did. Know go away and neverreturn.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! How is gravity used in gymnastics? Gravity is not "used". In gymnastics, gymnasts almost defy-gravity by flipping in the air but have no control of what gravity does. When was gymnastics in the US?

In the s, the sport of gymnastics was introduced to United States and its school systems by such immigrants as Charles Beck, Charles Follen and Francis Lieber http: To keep safe in gymnastics what are you to use?

In gymnastics terms what dose mount mean? A mount is the way you get onto the beam eg. A dismount is the way you get off the beam eg.

What does the term tripod mean in gymnasticstripod in gymnastics? When doing a tripod one stands on their head with their headframing one leg of the tripod, and their two hands making the othertwo legs of the tripod. What was gymnastics used for? Taking part in a sport like gymnastics not only fun and pleasurable to participants but also encourages self-confidence..

Participation in Gymnastics develops body awareness, strength, flexibility, control and co-ordination, which can be drawn upon during other physical activities, sports and in every day life. What are the terms of the gymnastics? The Term Of Gymnastics: If dealing with bars: What is wall bar that is used in gymnastics? So you don't lean back when you are doing leg lifts or chin up s. What are the names of turns that are used in gymnastics? What kind of turns? Bars, beam, vault, floor?

You are probably thinking of cast back hip circle Beam: Half turn of full turn Vault: Not really sure Floor: What are some terms used in plumbing? In plumbing, a trap is a U-, S-, or J-shaped pipe located below or within a plumbing fixture. An S-shaped trap is also known as the S-bend invented by Alexander Cummings in but became known as the U-bend following the introduction of the U-shaped trap by Thomas Crapper in The new U-bend could not jam, so, unlike the S-bend, it did not need an overflow.

The bend is used to prevent sewer gases from entering buildings. In refineryapplications, it also prevents hydrocarbons and other dangerous gases from escaping outside through drains. The most common of these traps in houses is referred to as a P-trap.

It is the addition of a 90 degree fitting on the outlet side of a U-bend, thereby creating a P-like shape. It can also be referred to as a sink trap due to the fact it is installed under most house sinks. Because of its shape, the trap retains a small amount of water after the fixture's use. This water in the trap creates a seal that prevents sewer gas from passing from the drain pipes back into the occupied space of the building.

Essentially all plumbing fixtures includingsinks, bathtubs, and toilets must be equipped with either an internal or external trap.

Because it is a localized low-point in the plumbing, sink traps also tend to capture heavy objects such as jewelry that are inadvertently dropped into the sink. Traps also tend to collect hair, sand, and other debris and limit the ultimate size of objects that will pass on into the rest of the plumbing, thereby catching over-sized objects.

For all of these reasons, most traps can either be disassembled for cleaning or they provide some sort of cleanout feature. Terms of gymnastic and their meaning? What are the terms and faces of gymnastic? The highest possible and most desired routine score for gymnasts to achieve on a single routine. In the past and perhaps in the future, at least for men's gymnastics, scores may exceed In general, refers to movements moving outward from the center of the body.

Hip abduction is moving the legs, knees and feet outward. Shoulder abduction is moving the arms and hands out to the side. Term referring to tumbling skill on beam or floor exercise, used most commonly when describing combination dance-acro requirements. Sometimes called corner skills in men's gymnastics.

For women, it includes some of the slower, more controlled elements, like a front walkover. See also - Sports Acrobatics. The practice of having a relaxed limb moved beyond its normal range of motion with the assistance of a partner. Another method of active flexibility is using high kicks of the leg. This is the type of flexibility exercise has more potential for muscle tears than passive stretching.

Hip adduction is bringing the knees together. Shoulder adduction is pressing the arms downward while out to the side. The pair of adductor muscles on the inside of the thighs pull the legs toward each other. These are the muscles that must be stretched in order to perform a straddle split. A skill performed without the hands touching the floor or the apparatus. Most commonly used to refer to an aerial cartwheel or aerial front walkover.

Describes a gymnast who competes in all their gymnastics events. For men, this is six events, and for women it is four events. Also refers to the event competition won by scoring the highest score sum total in all of the events. There are two types of allegro jumps - grand allegro are large jumps and petite allegro are small jumps.

To to stretch or elongate. Any tumbling pass that directly connects two saltos somersaults or flips by the use of any handspring skill. Round-off whip back handspring whip. It is more common to see alternates done with backward tumbling rather than front tumbling. In gymnastics, this term refers to height, distance and full extension in the execution of a particular skill. In general, the higher the or bigger a skill is performed, the better the amplitude and the resulting score.

Historically at times, the FIG code has given bonus for amplitude. Any one of the pieces of equipment used in gymnastics competition, including the vaulting table, uneven bars, balance beam, the horizontal bar, parallel bars, the pommel horse and still rings. In gymnastics and ballet, a pose on one leg with the other leg extended behind the body. The supporting leg either bent or straight. Stand on one foot and raise the other leg to the back in a split preferably a degree split with a straight leg and turned out from the hip; while keeping the trunk fully upright.

Also see Turnout and Scale Arabesque Penche: An arabesque scale in which the back is allowed to drop so that the rear leg may be raised higher. Can be done in tuck, pike or layout and can also be stepped -out.

Also now done from a stand on beam. An Arabian front done with two somersaults. Done in either tuck or pike or even in layout. A position, in which the back is curved backwards, the chest is open and.

Used in dance movements. Is not usually desirable in tumbling or bars. Dance term meaning to the back. The Olympic sport for men and women performed on apparatus and judged individually, by event, in the All-Around and by team. Men's events are floor exercise, horizontal bar, parallel bars, pommel horse, still rings and vault.

Women's events are vault, uneven parallel bars balance beam and floor exercise. The lowest level of difficulty rating for gymnastics skills other than moves of no value. For example, front and back handsprings are rated as "A" level skills by the F. To assemble, a jump from one foot landing on two feet. A common ballet and gymnastics movement where the legs are brought together in the air.

It begins with a step and ends on both feet. The gymnast lifts one leg up and springs off the other On landing, both feet have closed together. A pose on one leg with the other extended with the knee slightly bent either to the front, side, or back.

A position of the body, similar to the arabesque, where the extended leg is bent at the knee. Also what gymnasts and some coaches have too much of. Dance term meaning to the front. One of a number of terms for a back somersault move that begins usually taking off two feet, rotates then lands again on the feet.

A tumbling move where a gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backward onto the hands and lands on the feet.

This skill can be as a step-out skill usual method on beam or landed on two feet. Round-off back handsprings are the basis for almost all back tumbling skills. Back handsprings are also called a Flip-Flop or Flic-Flac.

One of the number of terms for a back salto move that begins usually taking off two feet, rotates then lands again on the feet. A somersaulting dismount off beam, parallel bars, rings, bars or even pommel horse using an back aerial somersault. A control skill gymnastics move starting and finishing on the feet and made by lifting one leg, arching back into and passing through a handstand position by bringing one foot, then the other over the top and stepping down from the handstand into a lunge.

Done on floor and beam and often used on beam in combination with a back handspring to fulfill the flight series combination requirement. A body position with an high degree of bending with an arched back and stretched shoulders where the hands and feet are on the floor. To do correctly with the shoulders over the hands and straight legs, requires above average back and shoulder flexibility.

A term used in gymnastics to describe when a gymnast kicks one leg to the rear while standing, grabs the leg from overhead, and ends up in a needle scale position See: A double back salto with a full twist. The twist is initiated and completed during the second salto. Also called a Full-Out Balance Beam: The balance beam routine should last between 70 to 90 seconds and includes a variety of acrobatic, gymnastic, and dance moves, ending with a dismount.

A dance move meaning to swing or rock, usually done as a swinging 3-step movement. A dance term that means see-saw. A see-saw movement that as the leg moves forward and backwards, the body bends in the opposite direction. On trampoline this term refers to a front somersault done from a bounce on the back. The use of momentum or "bouncing" to force a limb beyond its range of motion in order to warm up or increase flexibility. Examples of ballistic stretching would be leg swings or bouncing in splits.

Such stretches may lead to injury if the body is not thoroughly warmed up, but if done carefully with light force and controlled amplitude , experienced gymnasts may benefit from these flexibility exercises. A horizontal rod that serves as a part of a gymnastics apparatus for gymnasts as they perform exercises.

They are found on uneven bars, high bars and parallel bars. A bar can also be called a Rail. A forward somersault with a half-twist. A barani usually refers to a two-foot punch take-off, two-foot landing aerial skill. A hurdle step, one-foot aerial take-off, two foot landing skill would be more accurately called an "aerial barani". A dance term meaning movement of the leg.

A salto on uneven bars named after Mohini Bhardwaj. She first performed the skill in International competition in It is done from a hang on the high bar, facing the low bar with a swing forward, and a layout salto backward with a full turn degrees between bars to a handstand on the low bar. A rings skill named after Raj Bhavsar. The term block in gymnastics is usually used to describe a rapid bounce, repulsion or rebounding off the floor or vault with the arms. The block comes from the shoulders exploding towards full extension and usually is used in reference to handsprings on floor and all vaults off the vault horse..

A wave-like contraction movement of the entire body passing through the hips, shoulders, arms and head. Bonus points in a routine are created by the combination of difficult C or D level skills or by performing the very difficult E or Super E skills. A balance beam skill named after Amanda Borden. An uneven bar skill named after Doris Fuchs Brause. It is done from the low bar facing away from the high bar, with a cast to front salto forward and catching the high bar.

It has been rated as a C skill by the FIG. Another term for a backbend in which the body forms an arch, supported by the hands and feet. Ideally, the arms and legs should be straight and close together. It is often done starting by lying on the floor, bending the knees up with the feet on the floor and then pushing up with the arms and legs.

A pommel horse skill named after Casey Bryan. It has been rated by the Fig as a C level skill. A short gymnastic horse without pommels and with one end elongated. It used to be used lengthwise for vaulting and sideways for learning pommel horse skills. It is not commonly used for vaulting training any longer, but still is sometimes used as a training tool for pommel horse. Also called a pommel buck. A gymnastics and ballet leap in which one leg is extended in midair and the other beat against it before the gymnast lands on the foot used for take-off..

Cabrioles can be done to the front, side and back. The kick-the-habit kick on TV commercials was a cabriole. A candle stick is a shoulder stand position where the gymnast is essentially resting on the back of their shoulders with their feet pointed towards the ceiling.

The gymnast's arms can be in a variety of original artistic positions or on the floor to assist with support and balance. A gymnastics movement where the gymnast moves sideways in the motion the wheel of a cart would follow in a straight line alternately placing the hands and feet on the ground and finishing with the body coming up to a lunge landing position.

The name cartwheel is so named because when a gymnast performs this, their arms and legs move like the spokes of a turning wheel.

A gymnastics and ballet leap where a gymnast takes off from one foot, raising one knee and then the other in a turned out position and the toes pointed. Also called a Pas de Chat. A turn on the balls of the feet, usually done in a series of half turns.

Turns that are linked together; that is chained together. To do this turn correctly, it is especially important to spot the turn correctly. Keep your eyes focused on one spot in the direction you are turning. As you execute the turn leave the head there until the last moment when you have to whip it around to complete the turn. Whip it into exactly the same spot you started the head in to keep you in a straight line. A dance movement of the feet which gives the impression of one foot chasing the other, often used as a lead-up to a leap.

A front prone arched balance pose in which the performer's chest is resting on the floor for support and the legs are up in the air over the head stretching forward. An uneven bar skill named after Amy Chow. The act of moving the body, with or without apparatus, in a full circle with forward and backward flexion of the trunk and one hand leading the other to make a small circle in front of the body or a large circle around the body and overhead.

A back hip circle in which the body hips do not touch the bar. At the optional level, the skill should start and finish in a handstand. Also called a Free Hip Handstand. The official FIG rulebook for judging gymnastics skills from the International Gymnastics Federation with the rules in which the scoring system and the composition of a program are based.

The code of points specifies the difficulty value of all skills, as well as outlines requirements that must be fulfilled for each event. It is a necessary and valuable tool for coaches and judges. Back somersault from a front drop on the stomach done on the trampoline. This can be a difficult skill to rotate when first learning it. The structure of a gymnastics routine and how each individual element, movement or skill is arranged into a routine is called the composition of the routine.

The overall arrangement of individual movements and skills into a gymnastics routine. A routine in which the elements are pre-determined by an organization such as USA Gymnastics or other national federation or by the FIG. Routines that are specified and designated by the gymnastics federation for certain levels of gymnasts and which all gymnasts at that level must perform.

Compulsory routines are no longer a part of international competitions. They are used in the U. Also called mandatory routines.

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A skills - The lowest level moves in a gymnastic routine. Back flip - A backwards somersault in the air performed in either the tuck, pike or layout position.

Candlestick - A shoulder stand with the legs in the air, feet pointed towards the ceiling and the body rested on the top of the shoulders.

Eagle grip - A degree outward turn of the thumb and hands when gripping the bar. This movement requires increased shoulder flexibility. Flip-flop - Nickname for a back handspring. This is a common movement where the gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backwards onto her hands, and lands on her feet.

Gaylord - On the high bar, an execution that involves a front giant arm-swing into a front one-and-one half somersault over the bar, before re-grabbing the bar at the end. Half-in, half-out - A double somersault with a half twist on the first somersault and a half twist on the second. Kip - Usually performed on the bars, a movement that takes the gymnast from below the bars to above the bars.

It is a compulsory requirement for level 5 gymnasts, ideally performed in a gliding motion. Layout position - A straight and stretched body position. Mat - A piece of gymnastics equipment that is soft and made of polyurethane foam to help cushion landings on dismounts from apparatuses such as the bars, balance beam and vault. It is also used when a gymnast is learning new gymnastics skills. Nail - see stick Refers to a perfect dismount from an apparatus or a tumbling pass where the feet make no movement once they touch the ground.

Okino - A balance beam skill where the gymnast performs a triple pirouette turn. It is named after Betty Okino.

Parallel bars - One of the events that men perform in artistic gymnastics. It consists of two bars that are the same height centimeters and length cm and about 52cm apart from one another. It is also referred to as p-bars. Quad twist - A single somersault in the layout position with four twists.

Rail - A horizontal bar that on which gymnasts compete. This includes the parallel bars, uneven parallel bars and the horizontal or high bar. Salto - A somersault or flip performed either forward or backward. Tap - A term referring to the kick needed to initiate the speed of a circling motion on the high and uneven bars. Undergrip - The type of hand grip used on the bars where the body is hanging below the bar and the fingers of the hand are facing the gymnast.

Also called a reverse grip. Walkover - A compulsory gymnastic element used on the floor and balance beam. The body starts in a standing position, walks into a handstand position and continues into a backbend and finishes in a standing position. This continuous movement can be performed in either the forward or backward direction. Yurchenko - A vault maneuver that starts with a round-off onto the springboard, a back handspring onto the vault and some type of back somersaulting motion ff the vault.

The somersault off the vault will often be a twisting somersault. Named after Soviet gymnast Natalia Yurchenko. Zero - The score received if a gymnast does not perform a routine or does not perform some critical element of a routine. An example would be performing a vault and never touching the vaulting table.

If you have forgotten your password, click here There is a problem with this account, please contact support Please enter email and password. Are you a Gymnast? Jobs Schools All Features. Please enter an email address in the format: Acro - Tumbling skill on the floor or balance beam. Used most commonly when referring to a combination of dance requirements. Acrobatics - Elements of gymnastics that require control, balance, strength and flexibility.

Examples include slower skills like a front walkover for women or corner skills for men. Adagio - A dance term that refers to a slow, sustained movement.

Adolph - A front somersault in the layout position with three-and-one-half twists; performed on trampoline. Aerial - A gymnastics move, in which the gymnast rotates in the air without touching the apparatus with his or her hands.

Also referred to as a no-handed cartwheel or front walkover. All-around - A category of gymnastic competition that includes all of the events. The person with the highest total score from all the events is the all-around champion. Allegro - A dance term used to describe fast, quick jumps. There are two types: Alternates - A tumbling pass that connects two somersaults saltos by use of a handspring. Usually refers to a backward tumbling pass. Amplitude - The height or difficulty of a movement. In general, the higher the movement, the better the amplitude and the score.

Apparatus - A piece of equipment used in gymnastics competitions. The common apparatuses used in gymnastics include: Arabesque - A dance and gymnastics pose where the body is balanced on one leg and the other leg is extended up off the floor behind the body.

Arch position - A backwards curve of the body-- usually refers to the backwards curve of the spine. Attitude - A dance pose similar to the arabesque. The body is balanced on one leg while the other leg is extended in front of the body, behind the body or to the side of the body in a slightly bent knee position. Back giant - A skill performed on either the high bar, uneven parallel bar or parallel bar where the body circles around the bar.

The movement starts from a handstand position and ends in the handstand position. Back walkover - A control skill where a gymnast starts in the standing position, arches her into a backbend and kicks her legs over her head to land on her feet in a step-out landing one leg followed by the other. It is performed as one continuous movement. Backbend - A gymnastic skill where the body bends backwards in an arch position and the feet and hands touch the floor simultaneously.

Back-in, full-out - A double somersault with a full twist the complete twist is performed during the second somersault. Balance - Grounded and secure in position. A skill needed for apparatuses like the balance beam or pommel horse. Also refers to a routine that evenly distributes acrobatic skills and dance movements. Balance beam - A long and narrow apparatus used by women in a routine designed to emphasize grace and balance.

It is a solid piece of wood that is four feet high, four inches wide and 16 feet long. A balance bar routine includes a variety of acrobatic and dance skills that last for 70 to 90 seconds and ends with a dismount. Ball-out - A front somersault on the trampoline that is performed by taking off after a bounce on the back.

Bar - An apparatus used by both men and women in gymnastics. Men use the high bar and the parallel bars. Women use the uneven parallel bars. Also referred to as a rail. Barani - A forward somersault with a half twist performed in the layout position. Blind change - Performed on the high bar or uneven bars. The gymnast performs a back giant, does a half turn on top of the bar, and continues in a front giant. Block - A term used to describe a rapid bounce or rebound off the floor or vault with the arms.

Bonus points - Additional points awarded to a routine based on the combination of difficult skills. A complete circle with the legs together and support on both hands. Circles are one of the three basic swings on pommel horse. A skill seen on the women's uneven bars and men's high bar in which the gymnast's hips circle backwards around the bar without touching the bar and the gymnast finishes in a handstand.

Often referred to as free hip circle. The catalog of criteria by which judges evaluate gymnasts' routines in major international competitions, including World Championships and the Olympics. Separate codes for men and women are updated by International Federation of Gymnastics F. The structure of a women's gymnastics routine i. Referred to as "construction" in men's gymnastics. Bonus points or tenths of points awarded to gymnasts who incorporate difficult combinations of skills into their routines.

The skills must be performed without pause or interruption to receive the connection value points. A rings position in which the arms are stretched fully to the side, supporting the body, which is held vertically. A vault that comprises a half-turn into a backward salto in the second flight phase. Named for Cuban gymnast Jorge Cuervo. The cumulative amount of difficulty contained in the routine. For vaults, the D-score is predetermined depending on which type of vault the gymnast performs: For all other gymnastics routines, the D-score is determined by the judges.

As each element in the routine is successfully performed, its individual difficulty is added to the total difficulty score. The difficulty score is open-ended with no maximum value, while the execution score is out of a maximum of ten points.

The difficulty score plus the execution score equal a total score. Points or parts of points taken off a gymnast's score for errors. Most deductions are pre-determined, such as a 1. Seen on parallel bars, a forward swing with a degree turn on one arm, returning to a handstand.

Named for Soviet gymnast Sergei Diamidov. To leave an apparatus at the end of a routine, usually done with an acrobatic element such as a twist or salto. A front giant with hands turned degrees inward and with shoulders passing over the top of the bar before the rest of the body. The performance of a routine, or the form, style, and technique used to complete the skills included in a routine. Bent knees, poor toe point and an arched or loosely-held body position are all examples of poor execution.

Each routine starts with a maximum E-score of ten points, with execution errors, such as taking steps or stumbling after a landing, subtracted during the routine. One of the three basic swings on pommel horse, a flair is a hybrid of legs swings and circles. Each flair consists of two undercuts and one circle, which looks complex at full speed. S' Sasha Artemev performs on the pommel horse at the Beijing Olympics. A double salto with a full twist performed during the second salto as opposed to a full-in, where the twist is performed on the first salto.

A swing through degrees around the bar, with the body fully extended in the straight position. It can be performed in uneven bars, high bar, rings and parallel bars, backwards or forwards.

A linking move where a gymnast takes off from both feet, jumps forward and by placing the weight on the arms and pushing strongly from the shoulders, springs off the hands forwards or backwards and lands on the feet. A full twist following a handstand while releasing one arm and maintaining support of one hand. Seen on uneven bars and parallel bars, where it's also known as a reverse Diamidov.

On horizontal bar or uneven bars, a skill where the body bends and comes in close proximity with the bar. Front giant with hands turned degrees inward and the wrists being the first body part to break the vertical plane.

The body then hits a handstand position as the rest of the body catches up with the wrists. Seen on high bar, a release from a front giant to a front somersault and re-grasp on the same side of the bar. On high bar or uneven bars, movement from a position with the body piked and the legs directly between the hands backward until body is stretched and hands are turned degrees outward.

A vault family in which vaults start with a quarter-turn onto the vault, a push off the hands and a back salto with a full twist before landing.

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Relevé - A ballet term used to describe the body rising onto the balls of the feet. Rhythmic gymnastics - Officially called Rhythmic Sportive Gymnastics (RSG), it is a women’s Olympic sport that is performed by one to five women as a floor exercise. It requires extreme flexibility combined with ballet-type dance movements and is performed with .

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A gymnastics apparatus used by men in artistic gymnastics. It consists of two m bars. PB The scoring abbreviation for the parallel bars. PH The scoring abbreviation for the pommel horse. Pike a position where the body is bent only in the hips. Pommel horse A gymnastics apparatus used by men in artistic gymnastics. Club Gymnastics: The term “Club Gymnastics” typically refers to gymnastics competed in college as a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Gymnastics Clubs or NAIGC. Some colleges have a gymnastics team that competes along side other competitive sports teams in that college’s athletic conference along with a club team.

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Gymnastics Jargon Definitions. Many terms are used in gymnastics that can be confusing to those not involved in the sport, or who have only been involved in the sport for a short time or even those involved in the sport from a different region. The following is a clarification on the meaning of these terms on this site. A Parents Guide to Gymnastics Terms All members of the Hershey Aerials participate and compete in the USA Gymnastics (USAG) Women's Junior Olympic program. It is the USAG's responsibility to oversee the competitive structure, along with its rules and.